International Convention for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV)
Since 1961 UPOV is an independent intergovernmental body which Secretariat is housed in the WIPO building, shares administrative facilities, and has the same executive head as WIPO.
The purpose of the UPOV Convention is to acknowledge the achievements of breeders of new plant varieties by granting them an exclusive property right on the basis of a set of uniform and clearly defined principles. To be eligible for protection, varieties have to meet certain conditions such as being distinct from existing, commonly known varieties and sufficiently homogeneous and stable.
Protection is given to plant breeders both as an incentive to the development of agriculture, horticulture and forestry, and to safeguard the interests of plant breeders. Improved varieties are a necessary and cost-effective ingredient for achieving food security in a sustainable way.
Further details can be found on the UPOV website www.upov.org